The Body - World Health Concerns
- In 2002 the leading cause of death throughout the world was Ischemic heart disease (heart attack).
Source: World Health Report 2002
- Heart and circulatory disease is the UK's biggest killer. In 2002, cardiovascular disease (CVD) caused 39% of deaths in the UK, and killed just under 238,000 people.
Source: The British Heart Foundation Statistics Website www.heartstats.org
- The leading cause of death in the US is heart disease claiming 684,462 lives in 2002 , cancer is second ( 554,643) and third is stroke (157,803). Source: National Vital Statistics Report Vol 53 Number15 – Prelimanary data for 2003
- HIV/AIDS, now the world's leading cause of death in adults aged 15 - 59 years, is killing almost 5000 men and women in this age group, and almost 1000 of their children, every 24 hours in sub-Saharan Africa.
Source: World Health Report 2003: Global Health: today's challenges
- The World Health Organisation (WHO) has identified obesity as an epidemic and as the largest global, chronic health problem in adults. In 2003, the WHO estimated that worldwide, over 300 million adults are estimated to be clinically obese while 1 billion are overweight.
Source: Online pres release 31 Jan 2005, reuter.co.uk – “Alizyme PLC - New Drug Application”
- The World Health Organisation has identified three growing neglected global epidemics; The increase of heart disease, tobacco control and world traffic hazards.
- The consumption of cigarettes and other tobacco products and exposure to tobacco smoke are the world's leading preventable cause of death, responsible for about 5 million deaths a year, mostly in poor countries and poor populations. Latest estimates reveal that, of the nearly 4 million men and 1 million women who died, over 2 million men and 380 000 women were in developing countries.
Source: World Health Report 2003 “Tobacco control: strengthening national efforts”
- More than 20 million people are severely injured or killed on the world's roads each year. The burden falls most heavily on developing countries, where it will grow heavier still because of the rapid increase in the number of vehicles.
Source: World Health Report 2003 Road traffic hazards: hidden epidemics
- Today, some 450 million people suffer from a mental or behavioural disorder, yet only a small minority of them receive even the most basic treatment. In developing countries, most individuals with severe mental disorders are left to cope as best they can with their private burdens such as depression, dementia, schizophrenia, and substance dependence.
Source:World Health Report 2001 - Mental Health: New Understanding, New Hope
- Each year, about four million newborns die before they are four weeks old: 98% of these deaths occur in developing countries. Newborn deaths now contribute to about 40% of all deaths in children under five years of age globally, and more than half of infant mortality. Rates are highest in sub-Saharan Africa and Asia.
Source: World Health Report 2005 – The new born deaths that went unnoticed
- In 2004 statistics show that individuals in Andorra have the longest world life expectancy with 83.5 years. Singapore and San Marino are equal second and third with 81.5 years. In contrast Botswana has the lowest life expectancy at 30.8 years. Zambia is second(35.2) and Angola is third(36.8).
Source: www.infoplease.com –“ U.S. Census Bureau, International Database.”
- Child obesity has more than tripled in three decades and the increased health risk associated with being fat has wiped out progress in other areas. An estimated 15 percent of U.S. children are overweight or obese, and studies show they are developing type 2 diabetes, high blood cholesterol and high blood pressure at rates that greatly raise their heart disease risk.
Source: Reuters health information March 30, 2005
- In 2000, nearly 8 percent of whites were considered to be in fair or poor health compared to nearly 13 percent of Hispanics/ Latinos, nearly 14 percent of African-Americans and more than 17 percent of Native Americans.
Source: “Closing the Gap 2003: Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Health Care,” Alliance for Health Reform,October 2004, www.allhealth.org.
- During the course of a year, more than 54 million Americans are affected by one or more mental disorders.
Source: National Mental Health Association - http://www.nmha.org/infoctr/factsheets/14.cfm - retrieved 27 April 2005